Emergency Response Unit (ERU)

An Emergency Response Unit (ERU) is a standardized package of trained personnel and modules of equipment, ready to be deployed at short notice. They are designed to provide an essential, basic and standardized service platform for use in any part of the world. The units are fully self-sufficient for one month and can be deployed for up to four months.

Whenever there is a situation that requires a quick response to which the delegation or National Society cannot respond alone. The ERUs are part of the Federation’s disaster response tools and provide a specific support or direct service function when local facilities are either destroyed, overwhelmed by needs, or do not exist. They are used in emergency situations to cover a gap only until the function is no longer required, or until either the Federation delegation and/or the host National Society can take over.

Guidelines and tools​

Red Cross Red Crescent Guidelines and tools


Wat-San ERU leaflet in English

Wat-San ERU leaflet in French

Wat-San ERU leaflet in Spanish

ERU Concept powerpoint

WatSan ERU Introduction powerpoint

WatSan ERU Introduction powerpoint (French)

ERU Guidance handover file

ERU End of Mission Report template

Standard operating procedures

ERU Standard Operating Procedures

Wat-San ERU operating manual and parts list

MSM Detailed ToR

Emergency Relief Items Catalog listings

ERU, Water and Sanitation, Module 15 (M15)

ERU, Water and Sanitation, Module 40 (M40)

IFRC Water and Sanitation Disaster Response

External Guidelines and Tools

Learning resources

External Learning resources

Templates and Guides
ERU WatSan training module

To include resources on this page, or for more information on IFRC initiatives please contact: wash.geneva@ifrc.org